Jan 30, 2024
POSTED BY: Nicholas Venditti

Graphite vs Steel Shafts: Which Is Right for You?

Picking the right club based on your unique swing style, preferences, and skill level is difficult. 

Among the many factors to consider, choosing between graphite and steel shafts is one of the most important decisions you'll make. 

Many beginners turn a blind eye, ignoring the differences, while others are stuck between a rock and a hard place. 

Fortunately, we'll clarify what graphite and steel shafts are, their differences, and the material to consider for each club type. That way, you can make sense of it all and pick the right shaft material for your needs. 

What Is a Graphite Shaft?

Graphite shaft irons are made by layering resin and carbon fiber. The carbon fiber gives them strength and stability, while the resin holds the layers together. These lightweight materials set graphite shafts apart from steel ones.

On top of that, clubs with graphite have better flex and lightweight, allowing for greater power and distance. 

The higher torque of these clubs also lets you create different types of shots for greater versatility. As a result, you'll get a higher ball flight trajectory, leading to longer distances. 

That said, graphite shafts offer less precision and control than their steel counterparts.

What Is a Steel Shaft?

Steel shaft irons are usually crafted from either stainless or carbon steel. Carbon steel shafts are popular because they balance strength and weight well. On the flip side, stainless steel options are tougher, resisting corrosion and rust.

Steel is notorious for being stable and rigid. They don't bend as much as graphite, providing better control as your swing. 

This stiffness often leads to better precision and accuracy, especially when swinging at faster speeds.

What Are the Key Differences Between Steel and Graphite Shafts?

Once you understand the differences, you'll easily be able to make the right decision for your game. 

Benefits of Steel Shafts

  • Durable and resistant to damage.
  • Provide excellent control and precision during the swing.
  • More affordable than graphite material.
  • Offer a consistent and solid feel.

Drawbacks of Steel Shafts

  • Heavier than graphite, potentially limiting clubhead speed for some golfers. It also makes carrying your golf bag heavier
  • Transmit more vibrations to the hands, which may be less comfortable for some players.
  • Less forgiving on mishits compared to the flexibility of graphite.

Benefits of Graphite Shafts:

  • Lightweight, allowing for increased clubhead speed and potential for greater distance.
  • More forgiving on mishits due to increased flexibility.
  • Shock-absorbing properties reduce impact on hands and arms.
  • Suitable for beginner golfers with slower swing speeds or those seeking a softer feel.

Drawbacks of Graphite Shafts:

  • More prone to scratches and damage.
  • Tend to be more expensive.
  • Transmit less feedback, which may affect the feel of some players.

How To Choose Your Golf Clubs: Graphite or Steel Shafts

Choosing between graphite or steel shafts isn't a black-and-white answer. You may want to pick graphite for certain clubs and steel for others. That way, you can select the right shaft material the first time and avoid re-shafting


When it comes to driving the ball down the fairways and across the course, it's hard to argue against graphite. 

That's because they're so light, allowing you to swing the club faster and providing more distance when teeing off. 

The flexibility also helps the ball go higher - great for getting the most carry and distance possible. So, if you're looking to hit the ball far and make a splash off the tee, graphite shafts in drivers are a good choice. 


Hybrid clubs are often chosen with graphite shafts, especially when replacing long irons in the bag. Graphite's flexibility and light offer advantages that make hitting these clubs easier. 

Graphite shafts help in getting the ball up into the air effortlessly. This is especially handy when using hybrids since it ensures a higher trajectory for the shot. The ease of launching the ball can be particularly beneficial for golfers who struggle with getting the ball airborne.

Fairway Woods 

Most golfers enjoy using graphite shafts in their fairway woods, especially for clubs like 3-woods and 5-woods that have higher lofts. They bring extra benefits that make hitting these clubs off the fairway and rough easier and more effective.

Graphite shafts are lighter, allowing golfers to swing their fairway woods faster. This increased clubhead speed can lead to better distance and a more powerful shot. 


The shaft material in putters isn't as important as it is for other clubs, but some players still like using steel shafts.

They provide extra consistency and stability, aiding in precise and accurate putts on the green. 

The weight and solid feel of steel shafts in putters can give golfers more control over their strokes, making achieving smooth and reliable putting performance easier.


Irons with steel shafts are great for accuracy and control, making them perfect for shots that need precision, like approach shots. 

Skilled and professional players often choose steel shafts for their irons because they offer a consistent ball flight and help control the shots' distance. The stiffness of steel shafts is valued for its ability to provide a steady and accurate feel during the swing, giving players the confidence to hit their shots accurately.


Like irons, wedges also commonly have steel shafts. Steel shafts in wedges allow golfers to play gentle shots around the green and full swings during approach shots.

The reliability and control that come with steel shafts can be helpful when you need precision in these different golf situations. 

Whether you're aiming for a soft chip onto the green or a full swing to get close to the hole, the control provided by steel shafts can make these shots more manageable.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do I Want Graphite or Steel Shafts?

There's no one-size-fits-all answer. That will depend on your goals, swing style, and preferences. Graphite shafts are more lightweight and flexible, which is helpful for golfers with slower swing speeds. On the other hand, steel shafts provide better control and precision. Generally, they're designed for players with faster swing speeds. 

Are Graphite Shafts Easier on the Body?

Yes, graphite shafts reduce wear and tear on your body's joints, which is helpful for long practice sessions. That's because graphite transmits fewer vibrations up the shaft to the player's hand than steel. Plus, they feature natural shock-absorbing properties to reduce stress. 

Should I Switch to Graphite Shafts?

There are many factors to help you determine whether to make the switch to graphite shafts. Graphite is easier on the body, which is great for those with joint issues. They're more forgiving and flexible, so if you have slower swing speeds, graphite shafts might be a safer bet. 

Final Thoughts

Playing with the wrong shaft is like wearing clothes that don't fit. 

It'll only make your experience less comfortable, and you likely won't be able to maximize your golf potential. 

Most golfers would benefit from graphite shafts since they're highly flexible and forgiving. That said, it might be worth checking with a golf club fitter to ensure you're getting clubs tailored to your needs. 

Beyond that, you'll probably want high-quality headcovers and golf bags. One accidental drop can lead to irreparable dings. 

Stitch Golf offers the best of both worlds, ensuring all products are lightweight yet deliver maximum protection. Shop Stitch Golf today and get everything you need before your next game.